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Papular Plantation !

Populus is a genus of 25-35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to most of the Northern Hemisphere. English names variously applied to different species include poplar,aspen,and cottonwood.

In India,the poplar is grown commercially by farmers, mainly in the Punjab region. Popular poplar varieties are as follows:

1- G48 (grown in the plains of Punjab, Haryana, UP)
2- w22 (grown in mountainous regions, i.e. Himachal Pradesh, Pathankot,Jammu)

The poplar is grown from "kalam"(cuttings), harvested annually in January and February,and is commercially available up to 15 November.This most common use of poplar is in plywood.Yamuna Nagar in state of Haryana has a large plywood industry reliant upon poplar.

It is graded according in sizes known as"over"(over 24 inches in girth),"under"(18-24 inches),and"sokta" (less than 18 inches).Punjab Agriculture University in Ludhiana has published a package of practices for poplar cultivation.

Cultivation

Many poplars are grown as ornamental trees, with numerous cultivars used.They have the advantage of growing very big,very fast.Almost all poplars take root readily from cuttings or where broken branches lie on the ground. Trees with fastigiate (erect,columnar) branching are particularly popular,and are widely grown across Europe and southwest Asia. However,like willows,poplars have very vigorous and invasive root systems stretching up to 40 m from the trees;planting close to houses or ceramic water pipes may result in damaged foundations and cracked walls and pipes due to their search for moisture.

Uses

  • » In many areas, fast-growing hybrid poplars are grown on plantations for pulpwood
  • » Poplar is widely used for the manufacture of paper.
  • » It is also sold as inexpensive hardwood timber, used for pallets and cheap plywood; more specialised uses include matches and the boxes in which camembert cheese is sold.
  • » Poplar wood is also widely used in the snowboard industry for the snowboard core, because it has exceptional flexibility,and is sometimes used in the bodies of electric guitars and drums.
  • » Poplar wood, particularly when seasoned, makes a good hearth for a bow drill.
  • » Due to its high tannic acid content, the bark has been used in Europe for tanning leather.