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Mushroom Farming !

Mushrooms are not plants,and require different conditions for optimal growth.Plants develop through photosynthesis,a process that converts atmospheric carbon dioxide into carbohydrates, especially cellulose.While sunlight provides an energy source for plants,mushrooms derive all of their energy and growth materials from their growth medium, through biochemical decomposition processes.This does not mean that light is an unnecessary requirement,since some fungi use light as a signal for fruiting. However,all the materials for growth must already be present in the growth medium.Mushrooms grow well at relative humidity levels of around 95-100%,and substrate moisture levels of 50 to 75%.Instead of seeds, mushrooms reproduce sexually during underground growth,and asexually through spores.

Either of these can be contaminated with airborne microorganisms,which will interfere with mushroom growth and prevent a healthy crop.Mycelium, or actively growing mushroom culture,is placed on growth substrate to seed or introduce mushrooms to grow on a substrate.This is also known as inoculation,spawning or adding spawn.Its main advantages are to reduce chances of contamination while giving mushrooms a firm beginning. Spores are another inoculation option,but are less developed than established mycelium.Since they are also contaminated easily,they are only manipulated in laboratory conditions with laminar flow cabinet.

Medicinal mushroom

Medicinal mushrooms are mushrooms or extracts from mushrooms that are used or studied as possible treatments for diseases. Some mushroom materials,including polysaccharides,glycoproteins and proteoglycans, modulate immune system responses and inhibit tumor growth.Some medicinal mushroom isolates that have been identified also show cardiovascular, antiviral, antibacterial, antiparasitic,anti-inflammatory,and antidiabetic properties.Currently,several extracts have widespread use in Japan,Korea and China,as adjuncts to radiation treatments and chemotherapy. Mushrooms can be used for dyeing wool and other natural fibers.The chromophores of mushroom dyes are organic compounds and produce strong and vivid colors,and all colors of the spectrum can be achieved with mushroom dyes.Before the invention of synthetic dyes mushrooms were the source of many textile dyes.